IELTS writing 7をとりたい-Task 1
IELTS 苦手なのがwriting。

佐々木 伸也さんというひとがやっている IELTS総合講座のメルマガを発見。なんてすばらしいメルマガなんでしょう。要チェックです。
http://www.fides.dti.ne.jp/~kasuga/ielts/

writing 6と7の差は練習と暗記でなんとか埋められると確信、でもバラエティにとんだ正確な文章ってほんと難しい。
で、暗記を助けるためプログに書くことにしました。






+文の書き出し+

グラフの説明
The data in the table relating to...
Looking first at...

グラフ横軸が人数だったら
Further large number of people...
The average number of people stood at...

値段だったら
The price appreciation (opp. depreciation) for...

グループ化して
Two of the (companies etc) (goes up), and the third (goes down)...
The first group, consisting......., the second group comprising....

グラフの中の数字 (value) や変化 (the increase/decrease, the trend)で書き出す
The value of...
The trend for...is steadily upwards / downwards, while that for ...is more irregular.
The recovery lasted through the beginning of 1993, by which time the number of people had climbed to a new peak of 300,000.
The pattern for the former... the pattern for the latter...
A sharp rise in...

パラを変える
As far as ....goes
There is great deal more...
In spite of ...
In lesser extent but more that...
Moving to...
Turning to...
To turn to...
As regards...
With regards to...
Regarding...
In terms of...
As for...
Where... is concerned...
In the case of...
Nevertheless
Whereas...
When it comes to...

+引き続いてよく使われグラフの表現+

showの代わりに使いたい動詞
enumerated
illustrate
plot
refer to
represent

グラフを分割
can be divided into two parts
can then be subdivided

cause/result
attribute to
result in

難しいのが動詞の使い方
halt (abruptly)
reach a peak of/ hit a peak of
enjoy (a steady rise)
experience (experienced a hefty =major fall)
paint (a different picture)
prove/ reveal (the summer month proved...)
see (year or country see a rise of...)
suffer (the museum suffered a steep decline in the number of visitors)
continue
average, averaging
stand at/ stood at (consumption stood at just over....)(it stood at...)
overtake / outstrip
resume (begin again) / regain
could be odd-man out
reveal (reveal marked shift in)

上昇
increase / go up / rise / improve / climb at an even pace / upward

下降 
decrease / go down / fall / decline / downward / reduction (experienced a reduction) /

激しい上昇 
jump / surge / rocket / soar / leap to (leaped to a new peak, leap to reach a high of..., leap in two stages to)

激しい下降
slump / collapse / plummet / plunge / dip / drop / take a nose dive / dive

平行線 
level off at / bottom out (to the end of the period) / remain static / remain stable / go through a period of stability / relatively unchanged / constant / stabilised / stay / constant /

上下する 
fluctuate between A and B / rise and fall / regain its previous level / recover / to be erratic / a period of erratic behavior / go up and down / to be volatile / to be unstable / to go through a period of instability / irregular / fitfully / dipped slightly several times / a period of volatility /

対称的
 partly mirror / almost exactly mirror that for / is mirrored by that for / inverse relationship between / the pattern was reversed for...

相似的 
they followed a similar pattern / the same pattern was repeated; only this time the difference id more pronounced with... / this is coincident with.../ this is corresponded with /

比較 
more than twice as many... as.../ more than 20 times as high as.../trebled / the price soared to more than nine times its value.../ losing more than half its previous gain / adding a third to its value (1/3 増えた) / is equivalent to /

未来
is estimated to / is predicted that / expect to be / set to drop / double the estimate for the period / diverging forecasts / projection

+こんな言い方も+

ピークより少し足りない The price jumped to just under a hundred points short of its 1960 peak.
ただ下降するだけでなくて a sharp decline, increasing in speed at the end of the fall
急にトレンドが変わった noticeable turn-round


+もっと文を飾って+

激しい 
steep (ly) / sharp(ly) / considerably / dramatic(ally) / marked shift / markedly / significant(ly) / an above average increase / spectacularly / rapidly / substantial /

マイルド 
steady / gradual / consistent / modest / slow / minimally / slightly / fairly /

+期間について書く+

within the first year and half

over a 35 year period
over the period covered by the chart
over the period under the study /review
over the subsequent years
over the next year

throughout the year
thourghout the next five year
through the year

in the end of first year and second year
in the subsequent years
in the following year
in the first three months
in the first half of 1993...
in the next 3 months...
in the first year of the period

at the end of March, at the end of 1997

for the rest of the year
for the first part of the year
the first 3 years for the period

during the corresponding period / during the period
during March / year

a long period of steady increase
a period of relative stability
a rather volatile period

+覚えておきたいグラフ言葉+

categories
patterns
sections
stages
marks
characteristic
feature
data
figure
value
aspect
margin (by a wide margin)(by a margin of roughly %)
mode (mode of transport)
common - reaching a common level of...

+これで2文をつなげる and は極力さけて+

followed by
with
before
apart from
while
despite
only


+そのほか+

respectively

+プロセス+

in stead of...
next...
after that...
at the next stage...
the next stage/step is..
subsequently...
,then,
following that...

+map+

part of surrounding land
adjacent land

changed
took place
became
gave way
made way
remain

(the road) was straightened

was converted into
was constructed/ construction
was reopened
was completed
was halved
was built
was turned over

disused
existed
[PR]
by ninotika | 2004-05-11 00:12 | STUDYING


<< ビオチン Biotin Ivan Noble のコラム >>